Dimensions of Phubbing Among Moslem Adolescents in Revolution Industry 4.0: Perspective Mental Health


In the era industrial revolution 4.0 the impact of science and technology has a positive impact and some have a negative impact. The purpose of this research is to reveal the dimensions of phone snubbing among Muslim teenagers in the mental health perspective. This research is a type of qualitative research with a grounded theory design. Respondents in this study amounted to 97 people who were among moslem adolescents as undergraduate students at a state Islamic university in Indonesia which was determined using purposive sampling technique. The collection method uses questionnaires, interviews and observations. The main analysis method uses coding technique technique which consists of open coding, axial coding and selective coding. The results of this study conclude that the dimensions of phone snubbing among moslem adolescents include, first, ignore others and switch to gadgets, second, dependency on gadgets, third, social disconnectedness.


Dimensions of Phubbing, Revolution Industry 4.0, MoslemAdolescents, Mental Health


  1. Afifiyah, S. (2018). Waktu Keluarga Bebas Phubbing, Ini Empat Tips. Retrieved October 6, 2018, from https://www.tagar.id/waktu-keluarga-bebas-phubbing-ini-empat-tips
  2. Alpha Resource Center. (2017). Phubbing [cell phone snubbing] vs. Being Present in Your Relationships - Alpha Resource Center. Retrieved October 6, 2018, from https://www.alpharesourcecenter.com/marriage-success/phubbing-cell-phone-snubbing-vs-being-present-in-your-relationships/
  3. Balta, S., Emirtekin, E., Kircaburun, K., & Griffiths, M. D. (2018). Neuroticism, Trait Fear of Missing Out, and Phubbing: The Mediating Role of State Fear of Missing Out and Problematic Instagram Use. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-018-9959-8
  4. Chotpitayasunondh, V., & Douglas, K. M. (2016). How “phubbing” becomes the norm: The antecedents and consequences of snubbing via smartphone. Computers in Human Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.05.018
  5. Chotpitayasunondh, V., & Douglas, K. M. (2018). The effects of “phubbing” on social interaction. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 48(6), 304–316. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12506
  7. Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Educational Research (Vol. 4). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
  8. Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Research design Qualitative quantitative and mixed methods approaches. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13398-014-0173-7.2
  9. Crnjac, M., Veža, I., & Banduka, N. (2017). From concept to the introduction of industry 4.0. International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 8(1), 21–30.
  10. Davey, S., Davey, A., Raghav, S. K., Singh, J. V, Singh, N., Blachnio, A., & Przepiórkaa, A. (2018). Predictors and consequences of "Phubbing" among adolescents and youth in India: An impact evaluation study. Journal of Family & Community Medicine, 25(1), 35–42. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfcm.JFCM_71_17
  11. David, M. E., & Roberts, J. A. (2017). Phubbed and Alone: Phone Snubbing, Social Exclusion, and Attachment to Social Media. Journal of the Association for Consumer Research. https://doi.org/10.1086/690940
  12. Deloitte. (2015). Industry 4.0. Challenges and solutions for the digital transformation and use of exponential technologies. Deloitte AG. Zurich.
  13. Karadağ, E., Tosuntaş, Ş. B., Erzen, E., Duru, P., Bostan, N., Şahin, B. M., … Babadağ, B. (2015). Determinants of phubbing, which is the sum of many virtual addictions: A structural equation model. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 4(2), 60–74. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.4.2015.005
  14. McCann. (2018). Phubbing - a word is born | McCANN Australia. Retrieved October 9, 2018, from https://mccann.com.au/project/phubbing-a-word-is-born/
  15. Nazir, T., & Pişkin, M. (2016). Phubbing: A Technological Invasion Which Connected the World But Disconnected Humans. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 3(4), 2348–5396. Retrieved from http://www.ijip.in
  16. Reza, I. F. (2016). Metodologi Penelitian Psikologi : Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan Kombinasi. Palembang: Noer Fikri Offset.
  17. Sanusi, T. (2018). Phubbing Can Ruin Your Relationship, So Here’s How To Tell Your Partner To Stop. Retrieved October 6, 2018, from https://www.elitedaily.com/p/phubbing-can-ruin-your-relationship-so-heres-how-to-tell-your-partner-to-stop-8654143
  18. Singer, J. B. (2008). Five Ws and an H : Digital Challenges in Newspaper Newsrooms and Boardrooms. International Journal on Media Management, 10(3), 122–129. https://doi.org/10.1080/14241270802262468
  19. Sitwell, K. L. (2017). The anti-social art of phubbing | LinkedIn. Retrieved October 6, 2018, from https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/anti-social-art-phubbing-kamila-laura-sitwell/
  20. Tongco, M. D. C. (2007). Purposive sampling as a tool for informant selection. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 5, 147–158. https://doi.org/10.17348/era.5.0.147-158
  21. World Health Organization. (2014). WHO | Mental health: a state of well-being. Retrieved October 9, 2018, from http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/mental_health/en/

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32698/25259