Development of Teaching Material for Narrative Writing Using Graphic Organizer Story Map in Elementary School

Abstract

Most of materials used in narrative writing are not interested and not related to the writing process (pre-writing, when writing, and post writing). Our goal is to measure the effectiveness, practicality, and validity of the narrative writing material namely Graphic Organizer Story Map. We are doing research and development. We used 4-D model which consists of 4 stages: define, design, develop and disseminate. The validity test is obtained through the learning plan sheet on implementation, and the assessment of teachers and students responses. The effectiveness is obtained from activity, process assessment and result of narrative writing. We conducted an evaluation and obtained the “very valid”, “very simple” and “very effective”. We found the enhancement number of student who meet the passing grade on narrative writing. The teaching material for narrative writing with using Graphical Organizer Story Map is valid, simple and effective to use.

Keywords

Graphic Organizer, Story Map, Narrative.

References

Andrew Littlejohn. (2012). Language Teaching Materials and the (Very) Big Picture. Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching. Vol. 9, Suppl. 1.

Daryanto & Dwicahyono. (2014). Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran (Silabus, RPP, PBH, Bahan Ajar). Yogyakarta: Gva Media

Halil Ibrahim. (2011). An Investigation On Teaching Materials Used In Social Studies Lesson. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology. Vol. 10, Issue 1

Tarigan, Henry Guntur. 2008. Membaca Sebagai Suatu Keterampilan Berbahasa. Bandung: Angkasa.

Kumara, A. (2016). Kemampuan Verbal Terhadap Ekspresi Tulis. Journal Psikologi. 2(1)

Kuo-En Chang, Yao-Ting Sung dan Huei-Tse Hou. (2015). Web-based Tools for Designing and Developing Teaching Materials for Integration of Information Technology into Instruction. Educational Technology & Society. Vol. 9, No. 4, ISSN 1436-4522 (online) and 1176-3647 (print).

McKnight, K. S. (2013). The Elementary Teacher’s Big Book of Graphic Organizers. San Fransisco: Josscy-Bass

Rahmita Yulia Gazali. (2016). Pengembangan bahan ajar matematika untuk siswa SMP berdasarkan teori belajar ausubel. PYTHAGORAS: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 11(2), 182-192. p-ISSN: 1978-4538 | e-ISSN: 2527-421X. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.21831/pg.v11i2.10644.

Saddhono, K & St.Y.Slamet. (2012). Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berbahasa Indonesia (Teori dan Aplikasi). Bandung: Karya Putra Darwati.

Sugiyono. (2012). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta

Sujadi. (2003). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Zaini, Syaza Hazwani. (2010). The Effect of Graphic Organizer on Students’ Learning in School. Malaysian Journal of Educational Technology. 10(1), 17-23.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.29210/20181121