Contribution of social support co-workers and social self concept to conditions of school counselor burnout

Abstract

This study aims to examine the contribution of social support co-workers and social self-concepts together to school counselor burnout conditions. This research uses quantitative method of correlation descriptive type. The population of the research is the State Senior High School counselor of Pekanbaru City. The sample numbered 52 people school counselors were assigned with sampling technique total sampling. The instruments used are the “Burnout Scale” with reliablity 0,976, “Social Support Co-workers Scale” with reliability 0,959, and “Social Self-Concept Scale” with reliablity 0,934. The research data were analyzed using multiple regression. The research findings show that there is contribution of social support of co-workers and social self concept to burnout condition equal to 55.7%. The implications of this research on guidance and counseling will be discussed.

Keywords

social support co-workers, social self-concept, burnout.

References

Adawiyah, R. A. R. (2013). Kecerdasan Emosional, Dukungan Sosial & Kecenderungan Burnout. Pesona Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia, 2(2), 99-107.

Afdal, A. (2015). Kolaboratif: Kerangka kerja konselor masa depan. Jurnal Konseling dan Pendidikan, 3(2), 1-7.

Amelia, R., & Zulkarnain, Z. (2005). Konsep Diri dan Tingkat Burnout pada Karyawan yang Bekerja di Instansi Pelayanan Masyarakat. Psikologika: Jurnal pemikiran dan penelitian psikologi, 10(19), 41-49.

Astarini, D., Nirwana, H., & Ahmad, R. (2016). Hubungan antara Konsep Diri Sosial, Persepsi Siswa tentang Dukungan Sosial Orangtua, dan Teman Sebaya dengan Komunikasi Interpersonal Siswa dan Implikasinya terhadap Pelayanan Bimbingan dan Konseling. Konselor, 5(4), 247-257.

Barak, M., Nissly., & Levin. (2001). Antecedents to Retention and Turnover among Child Welfare, Social Work, and Other Human Service Employees: What can we learn from past research? a review and metanalysis. The Social Service Review, 75(4), 625-661.

Baron, R. A., & Byrne, D. (2002). Psikologi Sosial Jilid 1. Terjemahan oleh Ratna Djuwita. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Bataineh, O., & Alsagheer, A. (2012). An Investigation of Social Support And Burnout among Special Education Teachers in the United Arab Emirates. University of Sharjah, 27(2), 5-13.

Blazer, C. (2010). “Teacher Burnout”. Information Capsule Research Services Office of Assesment, Research, and Data Analysis, 1003, 1-19.

Burns, R. B. (1993). Konsep Diri Teori, Pengukuran, Perkembangan, dan Perilaku. Terjemahan oleh Eddy. Jakarta: Arcan.

Cherniss, C. (1980). Staff Burnout: Job stress in the human services. London: Dage Publications

Fernet, C., Guay, F., & Austin, S. (2012). Predicting Intraindividual Changes in Teacher Burnout: The role of perceived school environment and motivational factors. Journal Teaching and Teacher Education, 28, 514-525.

Ganster, D. C., Fusilier, M. R., & Mayes, B. T. (1986). Role of Social Support in The Experience of Stress at Work. Journal of Applied Psycholog, 71, 102-110.

Gold. Y., & Roth, R. A. (1993). Teachers Managing Stress and Preventing Burnout: The professional health solution. London: The Flamer Prees.

Gunduz, B. (2012). Self Efficacy and Burnout in Professional School Counselors. Mersin University, 12(3), 1761-1767.

Herr, E. L., & Cramer, S. H. (1984). Career Guidance and Counseling Through the Life Span. Boston: Little Brown Company

Kiarie, J. M., Sirera, A., & Mwenje, M. (2011). The Effect of Burnout on Teacher Counselors Work Engagement. Kenyan Journal of Guidance, Counseling and Psychology, 1(1), 24-37.

Laily, N. (2011). Burnout Tenaga Pendidik Wanita Ditinjau dari Lingkungan Kerja Psikologis dan Dukungan Sosial. Prosiding Seminar Nasional & Internasional, 1(1), 92-100.

Maslach, C., & Leiter, M, P. (1997). The Truth About Burnout. San Francisco: Jossey Bas.

Mudjiran. (2007). Perkembangan Peserta Didik: Bahan pembelajaran untuk tenaga kependidikan sekolah menengah. Padang: UNP Press.

Purba, J., Yulianto, A., & Widyanti, E. (2007). Pengaruh Dukungan Sosial terhadap Burnout pada Guru. Jurnal Psikologi, 5(1), 77-87.

Rad, A. Z., & Nasir, R. (2010). Burnout and Career Self Concept among Teachers in Mashhad, Iran. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 7(C), 464–469.

Sarafino, E. P., & Smith, T. W. (2011). Health Psychology: Biopsychosocial interactions. Hoboken: Jhon Willey dan Sons, In

Schaufeli, W. B., Maslach, C., & Marek, T. (1993). Profesional Burnout: Recent developments in theory and research. Washington DC: Routledge the Taylor & Francis Group.

Schonfeld, I. S., & Bianchi, R. (2016). Burnout and Depression: Two enities are one?. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 72(1), 22-37.

Taylor, S. E., Peplau., & L. A., Sears, D.O. (2009). Psikologi Sosial (edisi ke dua belas). Jakarta : Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Undang-undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional.

Wiyono, Y. (2014). Peran Pemimpin, Rekan-Kerja, dan Keluarga dalam Memotivasi Karyawan di Pt Mulya Adhi Paramita Surabaya. Agora, 2(1), 368-378.

Wood, J. T. (2010). Interpersonal Communication: Everyday encounters (Sixth Edition). Boston: Cengage Learning.

Wood, J. T. (2013). Komunikasi Teori dan Praktik: Komunikasi dalam kehidupan kita. Terjemahan oleh Putri Alia Idris. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.

Wozny, K. W., Polowczyk, L. S., & Zygmunt, A. (2014). “Stress in the Teaching Profession”. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 5(6), 191-210.

Zikra., Sukmawati., & Afdal. (2016). Burnout pada Konselor: Konsep dasar dan cara mengatasinya. Procedding International Counseling Seminar, 540.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.29210/201812