Language politeness performed by politicians in the discourse of jakarta election 2017 at online portal news

Abstract

Jakarta Election 2017 was a phenomenal one from many points of views including aspect of language use as political tool. Therefore, this study aims to describe the politeness level of politicians in the discourse of Jakarta election 2017 at online portal news. This research used a qualitative approach with descriptive method. Analyzing the data was exercised by content analysis method with the application of language politeness theory from Brown-Levinson and Leech. Based on data analysis, politicians are more dominant to convey their ideas through a rhetorical style of irony, expressive speech acts, and vague strategies; they also tend to violate rather than adhere to the politeness principle so, it was ‘high potential’ to threaten the face of the intended person or party. Based on the findings of this research, the level of language politeness performed by politicians in Jakarta Election is represented in three divisions; about 48% of comments of the politicians are at an ‘impolite’, 15% are at ‘less polite’ level, and only 36% are in the ‘polite’ category.

Keywords

language politeness, speech acts, political discourse

References

Agustina. (2017). Kekerasan verbal dalam pilkada DKI: mengungkap tingkat kesantunan masyarakat berwacana politik. Prosiding Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia dalam Gamitan Masyarakat Multikultural. Padang: Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia FBS Universitas Padang.

Brown, P &Levinson, S. (1987). Politenes, Some Universal in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Luthfiyanti, L. (2017). Kesantunandalam acaratvindonesia lawyers club (ilc) di tvone.Stilistika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, danPengajarannya, 2(1).

Mujianto, G. (2013). Tutura pejabat negara dalam berita “Korupsi” pada media massa cetak. Jurnal Humanity, 8(2).

Nisa, F. (2016). Pelanggaran prinsip kesantunan dalam wacana tutur basuki tjahaja purnama (ahok). STILISTIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajaran, 1(1), 19-30.

Nuolijarvi, P., Tittula, L. (2010). Irony in political television debates. ELSAVIER: Journal of Pragmatics. 2(43), 572-587.

Paterson, M.A. (2015). Speaking ofnews: Press, democracy, and metapragmatics in a changing India.American Ethnologis: Jounal of Amerivan Ethnological and Society. 4(42), 673-678.

Setyawan,A. H. (2015). Prinsip-prinsip Kesopanan pada Rapat Politik Margaret Thatcher dalam Film The Iron Lady. Jurnal Sosio-Humaniora, 6(1).

Syahrul, R. (2008). Pragmatik Kesantunan Berbahasa Menyibak Fenomena Bahasa Indonesia Guru dan Siswa. Padang: UNP Press.

Sugiyono.(2009). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sugiyono. (2012). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: AnggotaIkatanPenerbit Indonesia (IKAPI).

Tarigan, H. G. (2013). Pengajaran Gaya Bahasa. 2013. Bandung: Angkasa.

Wijana, I. D. P. (2009). AnalisisWacanaPragmatik: KajianTeoridanAnalisis. Surakarta. Surakarta: Yuma Pustaka.

Wulandari, B. (2017). Kesantunan berbahasa dalam wacana humor politik pada pilpres 2014 di akun twitter@ CapresJokes. Jurnal Ilmiah Edukasi &Sosial, 6(1), 12-22.

Yasmeen, R., Jabeen, M., Akram, A. (2014). Politeness an the language of pakistani politicians. SAVAP Internasional. 5(3), 245-253.

Yule, G. (2006). Pragmatik,(Terjemahan Indah FajarWahyuni). Yogyakarta: PustakaPelajar.

Yusri.(2015).Pelanggaran kesopanan berbahasa dalam komunikasi politik pada pemilihan komunikasi politik pada pemilihan Gubernur Sulawesi Selatan 2013. PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education, 5(1), 26-39.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.29210/2018148